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Lovers, families reclaim spot once known for executions

The Al-Naim circle in Raqa, Syria, a grim place during the Islamic State rule from 2014-2017 is now revamped, and a popular meeting spot for residents

This picture taken no November 6, 2021 shows an aerial view of the Naim (Paradise) roundabout in Syria's northern city of Raqa, which was formerly used for executions and beheadings by jihadists during the city's occupation by the Islamic State (IS) group. - Life is slowly picking up in Raqa, where levelled buildings and traces of IS insignia provide stark reminders of the dark era of jihadist rule.  (Photo by DELIL SOULEIMAN / AFP)

Only a few years ago, Al-Naim square was the grim stage for Raqa's public executions. Today, Nader al-Hussein sits in its new arched design, waiting for his date to arrive.

"This is the best meeting point for lovers, families and friends," the 25-year-old says, sitting on one of the rare public benches in the bustling, war-ravaged north Syria city.

"Before, we used to avoid passing near it so that we wouldn't see blood and horror," Hussein says.

The Al-Naim (Paradise) traffic circle was anything but heavenly when the Islamic State group reigned over Raqa, its former de facto Syrian capital, between 2014 and 2017.

Residents dubbed it the "roundabout of hell".

Jihadists flaunted their implementation of Islamic sharia law in the square, carrying out flagellations, crucifixions and even decapitations on those deemed apostates or criminals.

Their marauding morality police made it impossible for lovers to meet, even in private, without risking death.

"I never dared to meet with my girlfriend in person; we used to speak only over the phone, out of fear that we may be stoned as punishment," Hussein says.

Two years after IS was declared defeated in Syria, the revamped square is a far cry from the barren dirt mound that hosted some of the jihadist group's most repulsive acts.

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Arched columns have been built around a new central fountain, replacing the metal fence on whose spikes an IS executioner once impaled the heads he had just severed before posing for a picture.

Benches have been placed near elliptical side pools. At night, multicoloured laser lights turn the square into a rare attraction amid the drab and ghostly concrete jumble of the city, four years after IS left.

'Space for families'

The roundabout is central and ringed by cafes and restaurants, making it a popular spot for families and couples alike.

"Al-Naim square has turned from hell into paradise... even lovers come here now," says 24-year-old Manaf, declining to provide his surname and adding that he visited it often.

Around him, children dash between benches while men and women chat and snap photos. Laughter rises from a picnic spot as street vendors selling red heart-shaped balloons mill about.

In a scene unimaginable just four years ago, Mohammad al-Ali, 37, and his wife sit side-by-side, looking out for their three children as they play around one of the empty pools.

"We never brought the kids here so that they wouldn't see decapitated heads hanging," he told AFP.

"But today, the square is a space for families and children."

Life is slowly picking up in Raqa, where levelled buildings and traces of IS insignia provide stark reminders of the dark era of jihadist rule.

It was here that IS stoned people to death, tossed allegedly gay men from rooftops and auctioned off women from the Yazidi minority as slaves.

'Death and suffering' 

A few kilometres (miles) away from Al-Naim square, another infamous yet smaller roundabout used by IS for executions has also regained its bustle, largely owing to its location near a popular market.

For some, however, a shadow still hangs over the place known as "clock-tower square".

"This roundabout reminds us of the tragedy we lived... it reminds us of death and suffering," says Ahmad al-Hamad, who was passing the square on his wheelchair on the way to the grocer's.

"We used to see the severing of heads and hands, and executions carried out using swords," he says.

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Several of Hamad's own relatives were beheaded in the square.

"We used to be scared of even passing near it," he says.

The situation is similar at the nearby Al-Dallah roundabout, named after a large-scale reproduction of a traditional Arabic coffee pot that adorns its centre.

Also a former IS punishing ground, Raqa residents have since dubbed Al-Dallah as "the workers' square", in reference to the day labourers who usually dot its sidewalks in the hope of being picked up for odd jobs.

Abdel Majid Abdallah, one of the workers, says he could never forget how IS used to display prisoners in cages at the roundabout.

"But today it's a place where we come to earn a living," the 35-year-old says.



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