Going to the movies isn't much fun for deaf people. Screenings in theatres with captions are limited and the special glasses and equipment needed to read them are often broken or unavailable.
CODA, a coming-of-age story about the only hearing member of a deaf family, will change that when it is screened with open captions that need no special equipment in all U.S. and U.K. movie theatres and showtimes.
"It couldn't be more groundbreaking, (just) as the film is groundbreaking in support of the deaf community and the hard-of-hearing community," says Marlee Matlin, who plays a deaf mother in the film. Matlin is the only deaf performer to ever win an Oscar, for best actress in Children of a Lesser God in 1987.
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CODA, an acronym for child of deaf adults, won four awards at the Sundance Film Festival earlier this year. It also will be streamed with full subtitles in more than 36 languages on Apple TV.
Apple worked with movie theatre operators to ensure the film would be played everywhere, for deaf and hearing audiences alike, with the captions burned into the print in what is thought to be a first for a feature film release in theatres.
"It is historic. It is huge for all us," says Daniel Durant, a deaf actor who plays son Leo. "This is a day we have waited to see for so many years."
CODA tells the story of high school student Ruby who has grown up having to interpret for her deaf father, mother and brother in situations ranging from doctor visits to their small fishing business. The family communicates with sign language, and all three of the deaf characters are played by deaf actors. It follows Sound of Metal about a drummer who loses his hearing, which earned six Oscar nominations earlier this year, including for best picture.
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Durant says while some scenes give the specific viewpoint of deaf people, the appeal of CODA is universal. "Anyone who watches this can feel connected with it because everyone comes from a family, and every family goes through similar struggles: kids growing up, what are they going to do in their future, becoming independent, maybe they're moving away from their family," he said.
Writer-director Sian Heder, who is hearing, learned American Sign Language for the project and wanted to ensure the film was accessible to everyone. "Oftentimes I think deaf people are left out of the movie-going experience because of devices that don't work and lack of devices in theatres," Heder says.
The filmmakers hope the open caption screenings for CODA will persuade other studios to follow their example, and will encourage deaf people to try movie theatres again. Heder recalls the emotional reaction of a deaf man at a recent screening with the open captions in Gloucester, Massachusetts, where the film was shot. "He was, like, 'I don't go to the movies. I can't wear those glasses. They make me nauseous. Half the time they don't work so I've just stopped going to the theatre.' He hadn't seen a movie in the theatre in 10 years and he was very moved and excited."